At Southwest Kidney Institute, we offer the best and most complete care for patients with various kidney diseases and hypertension. All SKI nephrologists are Board certified in Nephrology and many have additional training/certification in management of renal transplant, hypertension, kidney stones etc. This additional expertise directly benefits and provides superior care to our patients.
Acute renal failure
Acute renal failure (also called acute kidney injury) means that the kidneys have suddenly stopped working. Kidneys remove waste products and help balance water and salt and other minerals (electrolytes) in the blood. When the kidneys stop working, waste products, fluids and electrolytes build up in the body.
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease, also called CKD, is a gradual reduction in kidney function that occurs over months or years, and results in the buildup of waste products. Stage 1 is mild; Stage 5 is renal failure.
End Stage Renal Disease
Severe kidney disease or chronic kidney failure that has reduced the kidney function to 10 percent or less of normal function, requiring the patient to have either dialysis or a transplant in order to live. Also called renal failure.
Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease. Kidney transplantation is typically classified as deceased-donor or living-donor transplantation depending on the source of the donor organ.
An accumulation of minerals (e.g., calcium) in the kidney, which may lead to blockage and pain.
Acute inflammation of the kidney, typically caused by an immune response.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease (also called PKD) causes numerous cysts to grow in the kidneys. These cysts are filled with fluid. If too many cysts grow or if they get too big, the kidneys can become damaged. PKD cysts can slowly replace much of the kidneys, reducing kidney function and leading to kidney failure.
Metabolic syndrome is a combination of the medical disorders that, when occurring together, increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Some studies have shown the prevalence in the USA to be an estimated 25% of the population, and prevalence increases with age.
Pregnancy and Renal disease
Women with kidney disease or systemic diseases that would put them at risk during pregnancy should receive preconception counseling from physicians knowledgeable about the current literature related to pregnancy.
Proteinuria means that protein is in the urine. The kidneys act as filters and keep protein in the body. Very little or no protein normally appears in the urine.
Hematuria means that red blood cells are in the urine. Urine does not normally contain red blood cells because the filters in the kidney prevent blood from entering the urine. In hematuria, the filters or other parts of the urinary tract allow blood to leak into the urine.
Hypertension is high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body’s tissues.
Anemia of kidney disease
A quantitative deficiency of the hemoglobin, often accompanied by a reduced number of red blood cells and causing pallor, weakness and breathlessness.
Acid Base disorders
Acid–base imbalance is an abnormality of the human body’s normal balance of acids and bases that causes the plasma pH to deviate out of the normal range. In the fetus, the normal range differs based on which umbilical vessel is sampled.
Electrolytes play a vital role in maintaining homeostasis within the body. They help to regulate myocardial and neurological function, fluid balance, oxygen delivery, acid-base balance and much more.